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Buttonbush is great shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. Buttonbush is naturally found in backwater areas such as mud flats, beaver killed timber, slough edges, and mucky swamps that are usually too wet for other perennial species to establish and thrive, but will grow just about anywhere you plant it, including upland sites. C. o. var. The town of Buttonwillow, California was named for the buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis). Dover Publications. In Canada, it occurs from southern Ontario and Quebec east to New Brunswick and south-western Nova Scotia. They can take on shades of red in fall. It is a major nectar and pollen plant in the Northeast, the North Central region, the Plains, the West, and the Southeast. Long, projecting styles give the flower heads a distincti… Its year-round interest, low maintenance requirements and value to wildlife prompted Nebraska's GreatPlants program to name it as 2015's Shrub of the Year. The shrub usually grows from 3-15 feet tall, … Foliage: Narrowly oval green leaves are deciduous, emerging in spring. How to grow buttonbush: Buttonbush most frequently occurs in nature where the ground is damp or even wet, so grow it in a similar spot in the garden. Jessica Walliser's Attracting Beneficial Bugs to Your Garden. Leaves are a larval host for some butterflies. Cephalanthus occidentalis is one of our most important plants for hosting the larvae of many different butterflies. The shrub prefers full sun to partial shade. Leaves are a larval host for some butterflies. A lone buttonbush served as a landmark on an old trans-San Joaquin Valley trail, and was used by ancient Yokut Indians as a meeting place. Native to the Chicago area and the eastern United States, buttonbush attracts more than 24 species of birds, as well as numerous species of butterflies. Button bush is a common nectar plant over much of the continental U.S. Just be sure to keep it watered through its first season or two. The riparian (riverside), lacustrine (lakeshore), and palustrine (marshy) preferences of buttonbush are in sunny … Ducks and other birds including jays, cardinals, nuthatches, titmice, warblers, and mockingbirds consume the seed. [7] Insects and hummingbirds take the nectar, with bees using it to make honey. Lacking chlorophyll and a significant root system, this vineis dependent on its host plants for water and nutrients. If your zone is equal to or higher than the zone listed for the plant, it will be hardy for you and thrive in your climate. However, this shrub is also well adapted to drier bluffs and hillsides, so it can tolerate a dry site. Buttonbush in Bloom – Cephalanthus occidentalis - Viceroy Butterfly Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Nectar rating 1 – 10: 6 Zones: 10 – 5 Height: 12’ and can grow up top 20’, grows very quickly Soil: prefers damp Water: prefers more water, grows along streams Light: Full sun to partial shade Bloom color: white Bloom time: summer… The common name may come from a Middle Dutch word meaning the yoke of an egg referring to the yellow color of some of the flowers of Cuscuta. californicus Flowers: In spring, unusual, perfectly round, fragrant flowers appear in white or pale pink with a diameter of one inch. Decoding Gardening Advice by Jeff Gilman and Meleah Maynard. Its stems and trunks usually become twisted with age, giving it an interesting shape that is … New York. Rush to Claim Your Buttonbush! Season: Cephalanthus occidentalis has year-round garden interest, with spring flowers, summer and fall foliage and a form and fruit that shine in winter. In North America the common buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) is the best-known member of the genus and can reach up to 6 metres (20 feet) high in marshes and swamps. View Norton-Brown Herbarium specimens. Cephalanthus occidentalis is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae, that is native to eastern and southern North America. 492, and is now known as the "Buttonwillow Tree. This plant is deciduous, losing its leaves for 1 or 2 months in winter. "[12], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T64310261A67729125.en, californiahistoricallandmarks.com Landmark chl-492, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cephalanthus_occidentalis&oldid=991822727, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:30. Sort myths from reality and become a more confident gardener with Decoding Gardening Advice by Jeff Gilman and Meleah Maynard. Cephalanthus occidentalis is a deciduous shrub or small tree that averages 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) in height, but can reach 6 m (20 ft). Description:This herbaceous parasitic vine is a summer annual that is several feetalong. [11] Buttonbush is a suitable shrub for butterfly gardens. It is a good choice for pond edges or rain gardens. Origin: Swamps and wet spots, as well as dry limestone bluffs, throughout the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. Buttonbush is a native deciduous shrub or sometimes a small tree with an open, rounded habit which is found growing in moist soils in full sun to part shade. Virtues: Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), is a United States–native shrub with so much to offer. Seeds and Plant Production Common buttonbush seeds are ready for collection in the fall when they have turned reddish-brown. Buttonbush is a somewhat coarse, deciduous shrub with an open-rounded habit that typically grows 6-12 (infrequently to 20) tall. Native Buttonbush Shrubs - Cephalanthus occidentalis, commonly called buttonbush shrubs, button-willow and honey-bells, is a North American native flowering shrub.Tolerant of wet soils, the button bush grows well in pond and low lying areas where the soil may stay damp or wet.Excellent choice for rain gardens and woodland gardens. Buttonbush is a unique plant that thrives in moist locations. Listed above and pictured here are just a few of my personal favorites. The plant is found in most honey producing states. Foliage is a rich glossy green with red veins with bronze/burgundy/yellow tones in fall. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Madder family (Rubiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is usually 3-8' tall, but sometimes reaches 20' and achieves the stature of a small tree. Buttonbush is a larval host for many species, a notable one being the amazing Royal Walnut Moth (pictured above). It clings to adjacent vegetation using suckers (haustoria) onits stems. This is considered to be a particularly important honey plant along the Mississippi River. Tiny, tubular, 5-lobed, fragrant white flowers appear in dense, spherical, long-stalked flower heads (to 1.5 diameter) in early to mid-summer. This buttonbush tree is listed as California Historical Landmark No. Sugar Shack® Buttonbush has no major insect or disease issues. Buttonbush is a common shrub of many wetland habitats in its range, including swamps, floodplains, mangrove, pocosin, riparian zones, and moist forest understory. [5] It is a member of the flora in the Everglades. _____________________________________________ Learn to choose the best shrubs for your garden and arrange them in expert fashion with Andy McIndoe's The Creative Shrub Garden. The flowers are arranged in a dense spherical inflorescence 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.38 in) in diameter on a short peduncle. The Buttonbush likes water. The Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that does well next to wet areas and can handle full sun to light shade. It can grow as a tree up to 20 feet but is usually a small shrub up to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. They are used to determine whether a plant is likely to be perennial in your area. Rather, we are creating an ecosystem. This four-season shrub adapts easily to various soil types and provides essential food to bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Fruit: Fruit is a round, depressed (wider than tall) capsule about 1/8 inch diameter, initially green, brown when mature. 1999. Habit: Buttonbush is a multistemmed deciduous shrub growing six to twelve feet tall and four to seven feet wide. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis ... host plant for the Buttonwood Sphinx (Darapsa versicolor), terrific rain garden plant, waterbirds & ducks feed on the seeds, clay & sand tolerant, intolerant of drought, mature plants are perfectly happy in standing water … Good sources of information about plants that will work well in your area include Attracting Native Pollinators by Mader, Shephard, Vaughan, Black and LeBuhn; Bringing Nature Home by Douglas W. Tallamy, the North American Butterfly Association website, and your … It is common throughout Missouri, most frequently occurring in wet open areas, low woods, thickets, swamps, upland sink-hole ponds, river bottomland and stream/pond margins (Steyermark). Produces an abundance of seed favored by ducks; a good source of nectar for butterflies and bees. Each flower has a fused white to pale yellow four-lobed corolla forming a long slender tube connecting to the sepals. Buttonbush flowers are studded all over with prominent, round-headed pistils, which makes them look like pincushions. Along the stem are small appendages (haustoria), modified roots that penetrate the host plant and draw moisture and nutrients from it. Even though this dodder can be found on a variety of host plants, its species name refers to only one of them, the buttonbush (Cephalanthus). Leaf Lore: The native Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis, is found across eastern North America from Texas to Nova Scotia. Posts about Buttonbush written by Mary Anne Borge. Sow seeds into moist, humus soils in full sun or part shade. The stigma protrudes slightly from the corolla. Reddish-brown fruit follows the flowers and persists through the winter. The Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that does well next to wet areas and can handle full sun to light shade. The buttonbush will thrive in wet conditions, even in standing water where it can be challenging to find and plant highly ornamental shrubs. Sugar Shack® Buttonbush is a compact selection of the species that is better suited to restricted spaces, maturing to half the size of the native … Cuttings will produce roots in moist sandy soil. C. o. var. Habit: Buttonbush is a multistemmed deciduous shrub growing six to twelve feet tall and four to seven feet wide. Buttonbush grows as a shrub or small tree. Occasional browsing of the leaves by insects is no cause for concern. occidentalis. As one of the few shrubs that blooms in midsummer, and one that can tolerate shade, wet conditions, and even occasional flooding – you’d be … Native plants are all the rage in the plant world (apart from new hydrangea cultivars), and rightfully so―they are well adapted to our climate and zone, and serve as a host for a variety of insects, birds, and other wildlife. [5], Waterfowl and other birds eat the seeds. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, elliptic to ovate, 7–18 cm (2.8–7.1 in) long and 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in) broad, with a smooth edge and a short petiole. Find more plants and strategies to attract good insects and wildlife to your garden with Jessica Walliser's Attracting Beneficial Bugs to Your Garden. Buttonbush occurs in swamps, ponds, and stream banks throughout Florida. It gets its name from the one to one and a half inch round clusters of small flowers that resemble pin cushions. Links: View species at Maryland Plant Atlas. Buttonbush shrubs love garden ponds, rain ponds, river banks, swamps or just about any site that is consistently wet. Rhabdophaga cephalanthii is a gall gnat who uses buttonbush’s stems to cache its larvae. Buttonbush is cultivated as an ornamental plant for a nectar source or 'honey plant' and for aesthetics in gardens and native plant landscapes, and is planted on slopes to help control erosion. Look for it growing wild near a pond or alongside a stream. In addition to its attractiveness to butterflies, button bush also serves as a host plant for some of our largest and showiest moths including the titan sphinx (Aellopos titan), the hydrangea sphinx (Darapsa versicolor) and the royal walnut moth (Citheronia regalis). The lower branches become woody and brown, while new growth is green or red. The fruit is a spherical cluster of achenes (nutlets).[4]. (https://xerces.org/blog/planting-for-pollinators-button-bush). It later became the site of settlers' stock rodeos. Buttonbush is found in the wild in Maine along streams, pondshores, and rivers, and in swamps and wetlands, often in company with another August-flowering shrub rosy meadowsweet (Spiraea tomentosa). It flourishes in wet soils which includes flood conditions and shallow standing water. In addition to its appeal for butterflies, buttonbush also serves as a host plant for some of our largest and showiest moths including the titan sphinx (Aellopos titan) and the hydrangea sphinx (Darapsa versicolor). [6] Deer browse the foliage, which is poisonous to livestock. Read on for buttonbush plant info, including a few tips for buttonbush plant care. Andy McIndoe's The Creative Shrub Garden. Water birds eat buttonbush seeds. © 2020 Active Interest Media All rights reserved. Buttonbush is quite adaptable, growing in full sun to part shade and though it naturally grows in swamp-like heads. No pretreatment is necessary. Buttonbrush plants are named for their fragrant creamy white spherical flowers. On top of that, it is one of our very best native plants for wildlife according to the USDA Plant Fact Sheet. Common Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalus) Plants. [5][8] It is a larval host to the hydrangea sphinx, the royal walnut moth, and the titan sphinx.[9]. If youre thinking about planting a rain garden, growing buttonbush is a great idea. The plant tolerates water as deep as 3 feet. Description Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that is native to much of the USA and is found in all areas of NC. It typically grows to 10 or 20 feet tall. USDA Zones 5–10. Miller, J.H., and K.V. Site buttonbush in full sun to light shade and any soil type. Its stems and trunks usually become twisted with age, giving it an interesting shape that is appealing when the shrub is bare of leaves in winter. Search Google Images It branches frequently and has a bushy appearance. Buttonbush can handle a wide range of conditions – shade, wet, occasional flooding – making it a great choice for an adaptable, pollinator-friendly shrub. Bees also love buttonbush, giving it the second nickname “honeyball.” It gets its name from the one to one and a half inch round clusters of small flowers that resemble pin cushions. Host to the mite Aceria cephalanthi. Besides the eastern United States, and eastern regions of the Midwest, notable areas range into Arizona, the Mogollon Rim, and other mountain ranges; in California, the entire San Joaquin Valley[10] West of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains, only western Texas, Arizona, and California find C. occidentalis. The glossy green leaves and fragrant, round flower clusters during mid-summer attract butterflies. The USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program research found that Buttonbush seed … How to Grow Cephalanthus occidentalus Plants. The shrub usually grows from 3-15 feet tall, … This plant is not only a great source of nectar, but is also a larval host plant for butterflies and the seeds are enjoyed by birds. Buttonbush cannot tolerate drought, and when you can't plant it near a stream or pond, it must be located where it can be irrigated frequently. It is a member of the flora in the Everglades. The species occurs in eastern North America with disjunct populations occurring in the west. Bees, hummingbirds and butterflies use the flowers as a nectar source. Common names include buttonbush, common buttonbush, button-willow and honey-bells. Wood ducks utilize the plant as nest protection, and mallards eat the fruit. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Forest plants of the southeast and … It is adapted to shorelines and swamps with saturated soil and full … In it, I learned the importance of preserving the host plants for butterflies and other pollinators. Host plant to several moths including titan sphinx ( Aellopos titan) and hydrangea sphinx ( Darapsa versicolor) moths. Records: There are 356 records in the project database. They are sometimes used in landscaping and are a source of food for ducks and other waterfowl. There are two varieties, not considered distinct by all authorities: Buttonbush is a common shrub of many wetland habitats in its range, including swamps, floodplains, mangrove, pocosin, riparian zones, and moist forest understory. Button bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) grows well in wet, poorly drained soil where few other garden plants thrive. This plant is hardy in zones 4 - 10 Zones are based on the lowest average temperature an area is expected to receive during the winter. Indeed, when we plant a landscape we aren’t just making an area look nice. View taxon at iNaturalist. Cephalanthus occidentalis has a number of historical medicinal uses, but it is also toxic due to the presence of cephalathin.[5][8]. Miller. Somewhat coarse, deciduous shrub growing six to twelve feet tall and four to seven feet wide to it! Buttonbush has no major insect or disease issues shrub or small tree small flowers resemble... 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